In America, three out of four adults have swollen veins in the anal area or hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids may form inside the rectum – internal hemorrhoids, or below your skin in the anus – external hemorrhoids. Symptoms of this condition vary depending on the type of hemorrhoids you have. Internal hemorrhoids result in extreme pain and a hard lump around the anus. If you experience pain, bleeding, and swelling around your anus, you may need to consult with Dr. Ven Kottapalli in Lima, as these are signs and symptoms of external hemorrhoids.
Various treatment methods for hemorrhoids
There are multiple different methods used to relieve pain and discomfort which come with hemorrhoids. They include medical treatments, home remedies, and sometimes surgical procedures, including:
· Increase fiber intake by eating more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. This prevents straining when passing stool as it can worsen the existing hemorrhoids symptoms. Slowly incorporate foods rich in fiber in your diet to avoid problems with gas.
· Apply topical creams such as a suppository containing hydrocortisone. You may also use pads that contain numbing agents or witch hazel.
· Temporarily take over-the-counter pain relievers such as Aspirin or Ibuprofen.
· Sit in plain warm water for 10-15 minutes to soak your anal area. You can do this two to three times each day.
The symptoms should go away a week after using these practices; however, you should seek medical attention if the symptoms persist or experience bleeding.
Minimally invasive procedures
Your doctor may recommend the following procedures if you have very painful hemorrhoids with severe bleeding.
Rubber band ligation
This process involves placing a tiny rubber band around the base of an internal hemorrhoid, which causes hemorrhoids to wither and fall off in a week. You may experience minimal bleeding and discomfort two to four days after the procedure. In more minor cases, have patients reported severe complications.
Your doctor may use laser or infrared light or heat to harden and shrivel internal hemorrhoids. Patients have reported little discomfort during and after the process.
Your specialist may inject a chemical solution into the hemorrhoid tissue. This causes shrinking and minimizes the symptoms. However, this sclerotherapy is less effective compared to rubber band ligations.
In rare cases, patients fail to respond to other treatment options and may require surgery. Your specialist may recommend one of the following surgical procedures.
This procedure is used for patients with internal hemorrhoids—hemorrhoidopexy stops blood flow to the hemorrhoidal tissue. On the downside, you may be at risk of rectal prolapse, and hemorrhoids may recur. Other complications include urinary retention and bleeding. In rare cases, patients develop a life-threatening blood infection known as sepsis.
This is the most effective method used to treat recurring or severe hemorrhoids. Before the procedure, your surgeon will administer local anesthesia combined with general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, or sedation. The process involves removing the tissues, which causes bleeding. Complications resulting from this procedure include difficulty emptying your bladder. Your doctor may prescribe medications to minimize pain after surgery.
Your doctor is in a better position to determine which treatment option is best for you. Schedule an appointment with your specialist at GI Physicians Inc. for a consultation to learn more about hemorrhoids.