Get to Understand and Learn More About Heart Failure, Including Its Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Heart failure is a rising case in both adults and children. It is a common and severe condition that affects about 5.7 million people. The common cause is high blood pressure, diabetes, and ischemic heart disease. Dr. Bhupinder Singh in Plano is a doctor who specializes in cardiac diseases, also known as a cardiologist. This specialist has the experience, knowledge, and skills in diagnosing and treating heart failure.

What is heart failure?

It is also known as congestive heart failure and is a life-threatening disease. This condition occurs when the muscles of your heart fail to pump blood as they should generally do. It is commonly caused by coronary artery disease, damage of your heart structure, negatively affecting your heart’s ability to be complete and pump blood. Heart failure worsens over a period of time and cannot be reversed, though it can be managed by adopting lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, and quitting smoking. It helps in slowly progressing heart failure and improving the quality of your life.

What are the symptoms of heart failure?

The symptoms are dependent on their severity, either chronic or acute. Primarily, the signs that should be a cause of alarm are increased need to urinate at night, nausea, shortness of breath, lack of appetite, reduced ability to exercise, fatigue, difficulty in concentrating, and swelling of feet and ankles. Another sign to watch out for is when you experience chest pain (angina).

Are there different types of heart failure?

The answer is yes. There are several types of heart failure which are:

·       Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

·       Heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction

·       Cardiomyopathy

·       Systolic heart failure

·       Combined systolic and diastolic heart failure

·       Heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction

·       Restrictive cardiomyopathy

·       Diastolic heart failure

·       Cardio-renal syndrome

The specialist uses his experience and knowledge to develop a customized treatment plan for you to help improve circulation, ease pain, and lower the risk of future complications.

How is heart failure diagnosed?

A physical exam is first conducted, together with reviewing your past medical history and your symptoms. The specialist checks other risk factors such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes. A stethoscope is used to listen to your heart and lungs to hear congestion and unusual sounds. The specialist might also order a chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, and blood test to get more information about your heart’s ability to pump blood.

How is heart failure treated?

Its treatment depends on the severity and your heart’s condition. Usually, the specialist recommends the use of healthy lifestyle changes and prescribed medications. Surgical intervention can also be suggested if it becomes a necessary intervention. If you have a life-threatening heart failure, the doctor might implant a device like a suitable ventricular assist device (RVAD) or a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). This device will help in cardiac circulation and pumping blood to your extremities and vital organs. If your heart failure is severe such that it does not respond to treatment, the specialist might recommend a heart transplant which is a surgery performed to replace your heart with a healthy heart.

In conclusion, if you want to explore the treatment options for heart failure, you can call or book an appointment online with Heart and Vascular Care.

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